Best Gaming PC Build For Under $1500, The Terminator

I’ve found some of the most powerful components that will make the best gaming PC build under $1500 dollars on the internet.

I know not everyone has a lot of time to learn about gaming builds so I’ve made this high-end gaming PC build for anyone to use as a guide for making an awesome gaming PC. Not only will you get a powerful build, but also a gaming PC that will last you for a really (and I mean really long) time.

I would recommend this build for people who love gaming a great deal and they know that they want to invest this kind of money into a build.

This build would also make a great 2k gaming PC build for anyone who is looking for a build like that. There’s really no reason to worry about performance and you are truly in for a premium gaming experience.

We also have a bunch of other gaming pc configurations, so check out our other PC gaming builds here.

I know you’re ready to get to the build and so am I, so let’s jump right in!

WHY SHOULD YOU BUILD A GAMING PC INSTEAD OF BUYING A PRE-BUILT ONE?

There are so many reasons why you should build your own gaming PC, but the biggest one would have to be the cost. Pre-Built PC makers love to target people who have expensive budgets on gaming PC’s because they know that most people don’t know what actually matters in a PC. What they usually do is put on a very unique looking case (that doesn’t mean anything when it comes to performance) and then cheap specs (most important part of the build). What they are basically doing is faking people out and taking in a huge amount of profits and leaving you with a build that’s probably worth closer to my $1000 gaming PC build.

I know not everyone is going to want to build their own PC and really that’s fine, but if you come to this website I just want you to know that you are most likely going to get ripped off if you go the pre-built route. Look, I’m not saying that all PC makers are ripping you off, but I do guarantee that your PC will be much better if you just build your own. This is really simple when you think about it as the only way they can make money is by taking some off the top before they can make the build. Which means your $1500 dollars gets you a lot less.

There Seems to be this misconception that building a gaming PC is this difficult task that only the super tech savvy can do, but that’s the furthest thing from the truth. Really with so many helpful videos and tutorials online, anyone who spends just a little bit of time learning how to build a PC, can do it. In fact, I will personally help anyone who feels as though they need the additional support if you just leave a comment below.

Now that I’ve talked about why you should build your own gaming, I’m going to show you how to build it!

THE BEST 2019 GAMING PC BUILD UNDER $1500 DOLLARS: THE TERMINATOR

I titled this build “The Terminator” because it will completely destroy any games that come its way for years to come. In this build, you will be getting specs that are some of the best you can buy. One other thing about this build is that it has a lot of upgrade paths that really give you the option to take this build wherever you want. If you want to go SLI (two graphics cards) then you have the option to do that with this build, but that’s definitely not something you have to do.

The purpose of this build was to allow you to play 2k games at 60 FPS for years to come but if you want too, this build is also very viable for 4k gaming. Games should run at 60FPS at 4k fine this year, but in the future, you might experience framerate dips (still can easily get years out of this build). If you are looking for the best 4k build please check out my $2000 build as that thing is really optimized for 4k.

Not only is this build good for playing games, but it’s also good at making them. With “The Terminator” you have the power to do so much more than for just playing games. I’m not trying to tell you what to do, but just show you all the possibilities of buying a build with this much power can give you.

The Build

Case - Rosewill V500 Red Mid Tower ATX Case

An Incredibly Stylish Case That All Your Friends Will Envy And Coincidentally Also Has Great Airflow

Power Supply - EVGA SuperNOVA 650 G2

A Really High Quality 80+ GOLD 650W Power Supply That Should Sufficiently Power The Build

Graphics Card/GPU – Gigabyte – GeForce RTX 2070 8 GB WINDFORCE

A Complete Monster That Can Even Handle 2k and 4k Gaming With Ease!

CPU – Intel Core i7-8700K 3.7 GHz 6-Core Processor

A Pretty Awesome CPU That Can Easily Handle Most CPU Related Activities and overclock!

EVGA CLC 280mm All-In-One RGB Liquid Cooler

Keeps Your CPU Very Cool, Even When Overclocking.

Motherboard - MSI Z370-A Pro

DDR4, LGA 1151, SLI Support, Houses Everything

RAM - Corsair Vengeance 16GB Kit

Two 8GB’s Sticks Of DDR4 3000MHz RAM

Hard Drive - Seagate Firecuda SSHD 1TB

A Very Reliable Hard Drive, 7200RPM

SSD - Samsung 860 VO 500GB

Not mandatory, but if you want a snappier OS, I’d recommend getting one.

Build Breakdown

Case:

The case I chose for this build was the Rosewill V500 Red Mid Tower Case. Not only does the case look cool, but it’s also very affordable which is good as you can put the majority of your money on the components that will allow you to run games. The case comes with two USB 3.0 and 2.0 ports in the front which is good for the price range and also comes with one audio port. Honestly, when it comes to cases the most important thing is can it house everything? And the answer is yes it can. This is a mid tower case, so it’s nothing huge, but it has excellent airflow(which is crucial to keeping your build cool) and has five internal bays (can include SSD’s and Hard drives) which is more than enough for most people.  If you are ok with a smaller case that is pretty stylish at a good price, then this is definitely for you.

I understand not everyone is going to want this case (for whatever reasons), so I’ve included a link below that will allow you to find other cases that should be compatible with this build. If you do have any questions about whether or not a case will house this build, please leave a comment. This case also doesn’t allow for the use of an optical drive, so if that’s something you’re thinking of getting you should check out another case.

Power Supply:

rsz_715xxvkxnnl_sl1200_

When it comes to amazing power supplies, there are few better than the ones made by Evga, and their SuperNOVA 650 G2 power supply doesn’t disappoint. Most people don’t seem to understand how important a power supply is and tend to try to cheap out in this area, but a good power supply (especially for a build in this price range) is vital. Trying to cheap out and get a low-quality power supply can end up damaging other more expensive components in the future, and costing you much more as it consumes a lot of energy. The Evga SuperNOVA 650 is probably on the best you can buy and can easily handle this build with more power to spare.

This Power Supply is also modular which will save you so much time and makes installing the power supply clean and easy as you can pick and choose which things you actually need. The Super Nova is a gold rated power supply which means that it has been tested and confirmed to be very efficient which will save you money in the long run as it consumes less power. Oh yeah, I almost forgot to mention that this thing has a 10-year warranty on it which is almost unheard of! If you ever do have issues with this power supply they can be resolved quickly and efficiently. All in all, this power supply makes a great addition to this gaming build and will last you for a long time.

Video Card:

For Gaming, The Gigabyte RTX 2070 8GB Video Card is the most important element of this build and it’s literally one of the best graphics cards you can get at the moment.Unlike most of Nvidia’s cards which only utilize 4gbs of VRAM, this card has 8GB’s which is complete overkill at the moment, but will definitely last you a long time in the future. I can’t imagine you needing another card for years, especially if you are only going for 1080p or 2k  gaming. I really can’t say this enough, but any game of 2017 – 2018 will play on max settings without a doubt. So if that’s all you wanted to know you can go on to the next part of the build, but below I’m going to break this beauty down and explain some additional features.

As you can see this isn’t just the regular RTX 2070, but the one that’s been customized by Gigabyte and with that comes a host of features. There are a lot of different features that Gigabyte brings to this card, but the most important one would have to be the Gigabyte 2070’s memory clock speed. Coming in at 1620 MHz, this card is perfect for people who want something that will perform at a high level right out of the box.  The Other cool feature Gigabyte brings to the table would be their awesome cooling technology. One of the worst things you can have is a noisy and hot video card and since this tech basically just makes your card almost impossible to hear even when it’s overclocked and cools it more efficiently than the stock one, there really is no reason to not go with it.

TLDR: This Video Card is the best thing since sliced bread

CPU:

If you haven’t heard, Intel recently released their 8th generation processors also known as “Coffee Lake.” The i7-8700k is one of the best CPUs you can get when it comes to gaming, and it will make an excellent sidekick to the GTX 2070. This is a quad-core processor that is very powerful and will tear through any 2019 CPU intensive game out there. Honestly, any processing for years to come can easily be handled by this CPU. Pairing this CPU with the Giant 1080 will make sure there is no bottleneck for your 2070.

Unlike most of Intel’s processors, this one is unlocked which will allow you to overclock the 8700k, pushing even better performance. It’s stock speeds are at 4.2Ghz, but you can easily overclock it to 4.5-4.7Ghz with a good CPU Fan. For most, though, I wouldn’t even worry about overclocking a CPU until much later in the future when you start to see your performance drop.

CPU Cooler:

The i7-8700k  does not come with a stock cooler which is why I included this amazing CPU cooler from Cooler Master, Evga 280MM Liquid Cooler fan. When looking for a fan for the i7-8700k, I was looking for something that was high quality, but also, something that wasn’t too expensive and I ended up settling on this liquid cooler. The most important thing is that it will keep the i7-8700k cool without a doubt and all for an affordable price. If you were considering overclocking then this is perfect. There’s not much else to say about this except that it will allow you to draw the full potential out of the CPU and not have to worry about any overheating issues.

Motherboard:

The Motherboard I’ve chosen for this build is MSI Z370 Pro ATX Motherboard. This motherboard will last you a long time, and I would honestly be surprised if you had any issues with it. This is a DDR4 motherboard which basically means that it will be a little bit faster than your typical DDR3 Mobo.

One of the main reasons I picked this motherboard was because it supported Nvidia SLI gaming. Which is important because if you ever want to use two graphics card with this build, you now have that option. It costs a little bit more, but it’s definitely worth it in the long run.

The other reason I chose this motherboard was because of MSI’s awesome BIOS. MSI specializes in making computer hardware for gaming and with it, you will be able to easily overclock all of your gaming builds components and control almost every aspect about your PC that you want. I know for most this might sound intimidating, but MSI actually has an easy mode which basically simplifies the process and allows you to do many things without getting too technical.

Note: This board is compatible with Intel 8th generation CPU’s right out of the gate!

RAM:

419MOot6-zL

While 8Gb’s is enough for gaming at the moment to future proof this build I’ve chosen to include 16Gb’s (2 X 8GB’s) of RAM. The RAM I’ve chosen was corsairs LPX vengeance

Just to give you an example of what 16GB’s of RAM is capable of I’ll give an example. With 16GB’s, you would be able to play games at max resolution and stream yourself playing without any LAG!

With so much RAM you do suffer from diminishing returns. but when you’ve decided to spend so much money on a PC, then you might as well get the best.

Hard Drive:

The Hard Drive I chose for this build

 was Seagate 1TB Firecuda Solid State Hard Drive. There’s not much to say about this hard drive, except that it holds data and is probably the best in its price range. I mean you get decent load speeds with this hard drive, but it’s nothing compared to a true SSD. Overall though for all of your general storage this works just fine. If you have a little more money to spend then I would recommend getting the 2tb version as it is a lot bigger for a bit more money.

Many people might think they need more space, but unless you are downloading many GB’s per day this is more than enough to easily last you a year. You also get a 2-year warranty which is always handy if you have any technical issues.

SSD:

This is the first build that I’ve included an SSD in. While SSD’s aren’t mandatory, they are definitely very useful because they allow you to put your most used applications on it offering quick snappy load times unheard of on a Hard Drive.

The SSD I’ve chosen for this build was the Samsung EVO 500GB SSD. It’s not the biggest SSD, but it will have all of your most used apps and will easily cut your load times in half.

One Thing I would seriously recommend would be to install your Operating System on your SSD. This will make your whole PC load so much faster. The Sad thing is that you won’t be able to get any snacks while your PC is starting up anymore because everything will load so fast.

(Optional) Optical Drive:

rsz_71qtpppxqdl_sl1500_

I didn’t include an optical drive (CD Drive) in this build because it is really not important to gaming builds any longer. Almost everything can be downloaded digitally, and you could definitely use the extra space for cable management.

However, I know that some people may want an optical drive, so  I’ve included an external optical drive, by LG Electronics below. It’s very cheap and will handle any disc you throw at it.

I also have a post on the best optical drives available.

Sale
LG Electronics 8X USB 2.0 Super Multi...
  • 14mm Height Ultra Slim Portable DVD Writer Drive
  • USB 2.0 interface (up to 480Mbits/s, USB 3.0 Compatible)

Build Conclusion…

This is probably my longest build breakdown, but when you are spending so much money on a build, I want you to know as much as you possibly can about what you are buying. For Gaming in 2019, This Build is more than enough and you will be playing on ultra settings for a long time. Honestly, if you are going to game 1080p this build is complete overkill and you might want to go with one of my $1000 Builds, but if you are looking for a good 2k/4k build this should handle those resolutions pretty well.

If you do change anything in this build, please post the build below so that I can make sure that everything is compatible (Just want to make sure you aren’t wasting your time nor your money).

Recommended Peripherals

It doesn’t matter how awesome the PC you just built was, if you don’t have the right peripherals (accessories) it really handicaps your build. Fortunately, for you, I’ve included a list of peripherals that all compliment this build nicely and will really help complete this build.

Recommended Monitor: Acer G257HU 25-inch 2k Widescreen Monitor

Sale
Acer G257HU smidpx 25-Inch WQHD (2560 x...
  • The stunning 25" display with 2560 x 1440 resolution delivers excellent detail, making it...
  • With DVI & HDMI inputs so you can easily power and extend the enjoyment from your smartphone or...

Acer makes some of the most high-quality affordable products that you can find and the Acer G257HU 2k monitor is definitely a prime example of that. Considering that nothing can compete with this thing in its price range, there really isn’t anything to compare it too. You will be able to game at 2k, but one of the things that really sets this monitor apart is its 4ms response times which makes for very smooth gaming. the only complaint with this monitor is that the stand is kind of lackluster, but considering the bargain price, it’s not that big of a deal.

Recommended Keyboard and Mouse Combo: Redragon K552-BA

Redragon K552-BA Mechanical Gaming...
  • GAMING MOUSE, MECHANICAL KEYBOARD and GAMING MOUSE PAD COMBO: Includes Redragon Premium Large...
  • LED BACKLIT GAMING KEYBOARD: Redragon K552 KUMARA Gaming Keyboard 10 RED LED Backlighting...

Most people seem to think they need to get some super expensive keyboard and mouse in order to game competitively, but the Redragon S101’s keyboard/mouse combo is really all you will need for gaming. The keyboard is very responsive and has great feedback with every click, and even though it’s a membrane keyboard it sometimes feels very reminiscent of a mechanical one. The mouse has three different DPI levels 1000,1600, and 2000. DPI just means how sensitive a mouse is, so having different options is definitely useful. This combo set just provides so much value, that I would recommend it for any gamer.

Recommended Headset: Kingston HyperX Cloud II Gaming Headset

Sale
HyperX Cloud II Gaming Headset - 7.1...
  • USB Audio Sound Card with 7.1 Virtual Surround Sound
  • 53mm Drivers Neodymium Magnets. Sound coupling to the ear is circumaural

The HyperX Clouds are my number one pick for gaming headsets under $50 dollars. Not only do they look fantastic and much more expensive than they actually are, but they also sound just as great. One of the biggest things with this headset would have to be its extreme bass. Most headsets struggle with it, but that’s where the Clouds shine. There’s nothing more exciting than hearing those awesome reverberating explosions and ominous soundtracks with these on. These are also noise cancelling so you can really get in the zone when gaming. The mic is probably the weakest part of this headset, but even that is good.

Another thing that is important about the Clouds is that they are super durable due to their design. I have had a pair for a few months and I’ve seen no wear at all. I was filtering through headsets every few months due to their cheap designs, but these I feel will easily last me for years.

Operating System Options

Once, You’ve built your gaming PC and have the peripherals, there is still one thing you need to do before being able to start gaming and that’s to install an OS (Operating System). What’s an operating system? Basically just a major application that runs and manages all of your other applications. There are thousands of different OS’s, but the ones that are viable for PC gaming and available to you are Linux(Ubuntu) and Windows. Both of these operating systems have their strengths and their weaknesses and below I’ll give you a brief summary of why you should go with one or the other.

Linux (Ubuntu):

Operating Systems come and go, but Linux seems to be one of the only open project OS’s to really gain any staying power. With many OS’s being designed after it such as the new Steam OS, I would personally at this time recommend Ubuntu . Ubuntu Linux is a more streamlined version of Linux and will definitely be a good OS for someone who isn’t that adept with Linux.

There are many reasons to get Linux, but the first would have to be the amazing customization it offers. Unlike Windows, Linux lets you customize everything about the OS. So in a way it can feel like you are just using Linux as a base and creating your own Unique OS. The Other major plus is the Linux is completely free, which makes it a great option for someone who is strapped for cash.

Linux’s greatest blessing is also its greatest curse. Since Linux is so customizable it can be very confusing (even Ubuntu) to someone who isn’t very tech savvy. Another issue with Linux is that bugs take a while to get ironed out as it isn’t a company like Windows. The biggest issue with Linux however, would have to be that not all PC games are optimized for Linux. This means that games will run worse on your PC running Linux then if it was running Windows. Slowly Linux is starting to get more titles fully optimized for it, but this is just something you should know.

Windows:

Windows 10

Windows will definitely be the go-to choice for most PC gamers, and there are many reasons for that. I’m pretty sure everyone reading this has heard about Windows so let’s get right to the pros and cons.

Windows is the biggest OS out with it’s OS being on around 75% of all PC’s, and as a result, every game that comes to PC is made primarily for this OS. As a gamer this is major, as we want the best performance we can possibly get. Windows is also better at rolling out updates than Linux due to it being a company.

The only major issue I have with Windows is that it’s expensive. If you buy a copy of windows it’s going to cost you about $100 retail. There are ways to get it cheaper and even free if you look around, but this is still the biggest con.

What version of windows to get?

Since Windows has so many different versions this can be really confusing, but if I was you I’d go with Windows 10. Windows 10 now offers performance increases in many games and also features that you just don’t get with Windows 7 or 8 making it my sole recommendation for people building their own gaming PC.

Below I’ve included both the USB version of Windows 10 and the disc version. Both work just fine so it all comes down to whether or not you have an optical drive or not.

Windows 10 USB Version
  • Windows 10 delivers comprehensive protection – including antivirus, firewall, internet...
  • 3D in Windows 10 gives everyone the ability to produce 3D objects with speed and ease
Sale
Windows 10 Disc Version
  • The Start menu is back and better than ever so you can expand and customize it
  • Fast and responsive Technologies like InstantGo let you boot up and resume quickly;Video Game...

Conclusion…

Honestly when you are building the best gaming PC build under $1500 dollars on the whole web, there really isn’t that much to worry about. Not only is “The Terminator” a powerful gaming machine, but it also has enough computing power to do other things such as making games, streaming, and a host of other things for people who are trying to take their love for gaming to the next level. I would, without doubt, recommend this PC to any gaming enthusiast and I know whoever gets this will be one happy gamer.

If you have any questions at all about this post please leave a question below, Also, what are you planning on naming your gaming PC? Tell me below. (PS. I’d Really Appreciate Any Shares!)

37 thoughts on “Best Gaming PC Build For Under $1500, The Terminator”

    1. James,

      it appears as the same thing, but it’s from a new vendor trying to get into the market. There are no reviews from this seller, so I can’t speak to the product you’re going to get nor its authenticity.

  1. Awesome post, I’ll definitely assemble this build by Christmas, I’m just thinking to reduce the RAM to a single 8 GB Corsair LPX, so I can add another 8 GB later next year, I’m also thinking on get a ASUS GEForce GTX 1060 instead of the GTX 1080, same idea here, save some money now and upgrade to a GTX 1080 later next year`, I also even a friend that could buy the GTX 1060 when I stop using it. Do you see any issue with these two changes?

    1. Hi Cris,

      Glad you like the build. No problems with the mods you want to do, good thing you have a buyer for the 1060 later on. Hopefully next year the cryptocurrency GPU supply will have increased and you can get a 1080 for a lot less.

      1. thank you for your awesome post and kind reply, I built my PC few days ago, working great and the case just look bad ass AF

  2. Good evening,

    Will this case work with The Terminator build?

    NZXT Phantom 410 Mid Tower Computer Case, Gunmetal with Black Trim (CA-PH410-G1)

    Thank you for your time.

  3. Hi Frank, I am looking for a cheaper alternative case.

    Will the Deepcool Tesseract SW Case be compatible with all of the parts in the build? It’s a lot cheaper and looks kinda cool.

    Thanks a lot for the build, it really suits my needs!

    1. Hi Timor,

      You’re more than welcome on the build – glad you liked it. The Deepcool Tesseract will work with this build without issues. I would recommend using our Add to Cart build to save all of our parts and then swap out what you need (like the tesseract sw). When you’re finished with your build, please add your photos to our social media pages – we want to see them!

  4. I was wondering if this build would be a to play, stream, and record Player Unknowns Battle grounds at max settings without loosing frames. Thanks in advance.

    1. Hey Trent,

      This build is a beast man! Hardware wise this build should be able to tear up Player Unknown Battlegrounds at max settings and maintain solid frames, but due to player Unknown still needing a freak load of optimization I can’t 100% say that you’ll be able to get a solid 60FPS while streaming. This isn’t due to the hardware though, but really just comes down to the game itself.

  5. Hey Frank,

    I’ve heard that Intel’s Kabylake processors will only support Windows 10. Is this true? I’d like to keep using Windows 7 if I purchase this build, and I’m not sure that I have access to the free Windows 10 upgrade anymore anyways.

    Thanks!

    1. Hey Caleb,

      There’s been a lot of talk on Kabylake motherboards not allowing Windows 7 and Windows 8, but as of now, both work just fine with these motherboards. I specifically checked this motherboard, and you can use Windows 7 on it!

      Let me know if you have any other questions!

  6. if i replace the the cpu to Intel 7th Gen Intel Core Desktop Processor i7-7700K (BX80677I77700K) by Intel? will it be compatible?

  7. I want to mount a gaming PC with these components. Will everything work perfectly and how much would I spend to mount it? And from one to ten what rating would you give?
    Corsair Vengeance LPX 16GB (2x8GB) DDR4 DRAM 3000MHz.
    EVGA SuperNOVA 750 G2, 80+ GOLD 750W, Fully Modular, EVGA ECO Mode.
    Intel Core i5 6600K 3.50 GHz Quad Core Skylake Desktop Processor, Socket LGA 1151, 6MB Cache.
    WD Blue 1TB Desktop Hard Disk Drive – 5400 RPM SATA 6 Gb/s 64MB Cache 3.5 Inch.
    Samsung 850 EVO 250GB 2.5-Inch SATA III Internal SSD.
    Gigabyte GeForce GTX 1070 G1 Gaming Video/Graphics Cards GV-N1070G1 GAMING-8GD.
    ASUS ROG MAXIMUS VIII HERO LGA1151 DDR4 M.2 SATA 6Gb/s USB 3.1 Type A Type C Intel Z170 ATX.
    Corsair Carbide Series SPEC-02 Mid Tower Gaming Case.

    1. Hey Robert,

      I think a mounted PC would be pretty sweet! I’ve found a cool youtube video I recommend checking out on the subject. In regards to the build, first, off it’s compatible. Secondly, I’d give it a ten if you’re getting a 1080p or 2k monitor. If you’re trying to go for 4k, then It’d be closer to a 7. Also if you’re looking for a simpler way to mount this PC while still retaining the cool looks I’d recommend checking out Thermaltake Core P5 Case. It’s a case specifically meant for people who want to mount their gaming PC, and it makes mounting a gaming PC much easier. If you get this case, you won’t need the Spec-02.

      Hopefully this helped you out!

  8. Hey Frank, i was going to use an intel core i7 6700k 4.0Ghz i was just wondering if there is any adjustments i should make to the build to handle the i7 better or will the build handle the i7 quite easily by itself. I am also quite happy to spend more money on the build then its current price if needed Thanks.

  9. Mr Frank, Can this case handle a gtx 1070 turbo instead of the 1080 and an intel core i7 6700k without an overheating problem? I need to know if this computer can handle 1920 1080 overwatch at an good ultra settings quality you see. Will it work out okay?

    1. Hey Cooper, this build can handle a 1070 Turbo and an I7-6700k. The case is on the slimmer side, but with the CPU cooler, you shouldn’t have any overheating problems. As for running Overwatch at 1080p? Without a doubt.

  10. Hey Frank,
    I am thinking about building this sort of PC. But was wondering if there were any full size cases that would work well with this configuration, be cost efficient, and also look nice?

  11. Hi, if I were to swap the motherboard out (as I live in New Zealand where MSI normally doesn’t ship to) what do you think I should go for?

  12. Hello. Nice post! Have a couple questions? Can I upgrade the i5 to the Intel Core i7-6700K 4.0GHz and then upgrade to 2 TB of space. Thanks.

    1. Hey Austin,

      Yes you can make both of those upgrades but if you’re just going to be gaming, then the i7 is overkill. It’s great if you’re going to be doing things that are very CPU intensive though.

  13. I love how every build has the CM Devastator Combo, but if I’m looking for a stronger Mouse and Keyboard what would you recommend?

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *